This article is about the history of the fourth largest city in India.
Hyderabad is a historic city noted for its many monuments, temples, churches, masjids, and bazaars. A multitude of influences has shaped the character of the city in the last 400 years.
The city is forming its role and outlook as part of the booming service industry revolution, and is trying to preserve and popularize its history.
Archaeologists excavating near the city have unearthed Iron Age sites that can be dated to 500 BCE. The area around Hyderabad was ruled by the Mauryan Empire in the third century B.C during the reign of Ashoka the Great. After the death of Ashoka (232 BCE), as the Maurya Empire began to weaken and decline, the Satavahanas who started out as feudatories to the Mauryan dynasty, declared independence and established their empire in this region. The Satavahana Empire or Andhra Empire, was a royal Indian dynasty based from Dharanikota and Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh as well as Junnar (Pune) and Prathisthan (Paithan) in Maharashtra. The territory of the empire covered much of the Deccan plateau & central India for 450 years,i.e., from 230 BCE onward until around 220 CE. After the decline of the Satavahana Empire in 220 AD, the region came under the rule of the Andhra Ikshvaku dynasty (225 AD - 325 AD), the successors of the Satavahanas in the eastern Deccan. The capital of Andhra Ikshvaku dynasty was the town of Nagarjunakonda in modern day Guntur district and named after Nagarjuna, a southern Indian master of Mahayana Buddhism who lived in the 2nd century AD, who is believed to have been responsible for the Buddhist activity in the area.
Various Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms ruled the area during the subsequent centuries. The area was ruled by the Kalyani branch of the Chalukya kings. When the Chalukya kingdom became weaker, Kakatiyas, who were feudal chieftains of Chalukya, declared independence and set up their kingdom around Warangal.
The fall of Warangal to Muhammad bin Tughluq's forces from the Delhi Sultanate in 1321 AD brought anarchy to the region. For the next few decades, the Bahmani Sultanate of the Deccan fought the Musunuri Nayakas on the north and the Vijayanagara Rayas on the south for control of ``the region. By the middle of the 15th century, the region was under the firm control of the Bahmani Sultanate which controlled the Deccan north of the Krishna River from coast to of sultanat.
In 1589, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the ruler of Qutb Shahi dynasty, selected the present site of the city and named it " Bhaganagar" or " Bhagnagar" after Bhagmathi, a local nautch (dancing) girl with whom he had fallen in love. She converted to Islam and adopted the title Hyder Mahal. The city was renamed Hyderabad in her honour. According to another source, the city was named after Haidar, the son of Quli Qutb Shah. Andrew Petersen, a scholar of Islamic architecture, says the city was originally called Baghnagar.
The Qutb Shahis.
Portrait of Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah
The Golconda Sultanate
In 1463, Sultan Mohammad Shah Bahmani dispatched Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk to the Telangana region to quell disturbances. Sultan Quli quelled the disturbance and was rewarded as the administrator of the region. He established a base at Kakatiya hill fortress of Golconda which he strengthened and expanded considerably. By the end of the century, Quli ruled from Golconda as the Subedar of Telangana region. Quli enjoyed virtual independence from Bidar, where the Bahmani sultanate was then based. In 1518, when the Bahmani Sultanate disintegrated into five different kingdoms, with the others based in Ahmednagar, Berar, Bidar and Bijapur. Sultan Quli declared independence from the Bahmani Sultanate and established the Golconda Sultanate under the title " Sultan Quli Qutub Shah", he rebuilt the mud-fort of Golconda and named the city as "Muhammad nagar".
Founding of a new city
Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah of the Qutub Shahi dynasty built the city of Hyderabad on the Musi River five miles (8 km) east of Golconda in 1589. The Purana Pul ("old bridge") spanning the Musi was built a few years earlier, enabling quick travel between Golconda and Hyderabad. Hyderabad was named as the City of Hyder after the title of the Fourth Caliph Ali. Many people though, commonly believe that the city of " Hyderabad" was named after the people as their residence as " City of the Brave" from the Persian words " Hyder/Haider" (Persian and Urdu meaning lion or brave and " Abad/Abaad" (Persian and Urdu meaning abode or populated) after surviving the plaque epidemic that ravaged Golkonda. There is another urban myth and folklore which may be an apocryphal that the Sultan named it after his wife Hyder Mahal (not likely he gave her a male name or title). Lack of space for expansion in Golconda fort city made the Sultan called up his best of advisers to search for a new virgin wooded elevated land site near a river void of any man-made structures or monuments. The city concept was planned on grid-iron pattern reflective of well related precincts with an iconic monument as the main foci. He also ordered the construction of the Char Minar in 1591 a tall structure to oversee the urban development and to keep watch of the river banks flooding the nearby areas causing epidemics of grave nature.
Growth of the new city
The early history of Hyderabad is inextricably intertwined and fortune rose during the 16th and early 17th centuries, Hyderabad became a center of a vibrant diamond trade. All seven Qutb Shahi sultans were patrons of learning and were great builders. They contributed to the growth and development of Indo-Persian and Indo-Islamic literature and culture in Hyderabad. Some of the sultans were known as patrons of local Telugu culture as well. During the Qutb Shahi reign Golconda became one of the leading markets in the world for diamonds, pearls, steel, arms, and also printed fabric. In the 16th century the city grew to accommodate the surplus population of Golconda and eventually became the capital of the Qutb Shahi rulers. Hyderabad became known for its gardens (called baghs) and its comfortable weather.
Mughal conquest and rule
By the mid-17th century, politics in the Deccan were ready for yet another tectonic shift. Mughal prince Aurangzeb spent most of his time in the Deccan fighting local Hindu and Muslim kingdoms to establish and enforce Mughal Sovereignty. After the death of Shah Jahan in 1666, Aurangzeb consolidated his power in Delhi as Emperor and returned to the south. He spent most of his imperial reign in military camps in the Deccan, in an almost desperate campaign to expand the empire beyond the greatest extent it had reached under Akbar. The biggest prize in his eyes was the rich city of Hyderabad, protected by the reportedly impregnable fort of Golconda.
Hyderabad falls to the Mughals
Aurangzeb with his commanders Khwaja Abid Siddiqi (Qulich Khan) s/o Shaikh Mir Ismail Siddiqi and Qaziuddin Siddiqi (Feroze Jung) father and son laid siege to Golconda in 1686. Golconda held fast under months of siege, and Aurangzeb had to retreat in frustration. Aurangzeb returned in 1687 and laid siege for 9 months camping in the Fateh Maidan ("victory field", now the Lal Bahadur Stadium). Khwaja Abid Siddiqi (Qulich Khan) died in these war and was buried at Kismatpur near Attapur Hyderabad. Local legend has it that the fortress held on, but the gates were opened at night by a saboteur Abdullah Khan Pani who was bribed by Aurangzeb. Sultan Abul Hassan Tana Shah, the seventh king of the dynasty, was taken prisoner. Hyderabad's independence was eclipsed. Aurangzeb's efforts would turn out largely in vain, with Hyderabad remaining in Mughal hands for less than four decades.
For a few decades, Hyderabad declined, and its vibrant diamond trade was all but destroyed. Aurangzeb's attention moved away quickly to other parts of the Deccan, with the Marathas slowly but steadily gaining ground against the Mughals.
The Asaf Jahis
Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I
Viceroys become kings with the emaciation of the Mughal Empire after Aurangzeb's death in 1707, the Mughal-appointed governors of Hyderabad gained more autonomy from Delhi. In 1724,Chin Qulich Khan Asaf Jah I Mir Qamaruddin Siddiqi son of Qaziuddin Siddiqi and grandson of Khwaja Abid siddiqi (Qulich Khan), who was granted the title Nizam-ul-Mulk (governor of the country) by the Mughal emperor, defeated a rival official to establish control over Hyderabad. Thus began the Asaf Jahi dynasty that would rule Hyderabad until a year after India's independence from Britain.
Hyderabad starts growing again
Main street of Hyderabad with Charminar, 1890, Asaf Jah's successors ruled as Nizams of Hyderabad. The rule of the seven Nizams saw the growth of Hyderabad both culturally and economically. Hyderabad became the formal capital of the kingdom and Golconda, the former capital, was all but abandoned. Survey work on Nagarjuna Sagar had also begun during this time.
The Nizams and foreign powers
When the British and the French spread their hold over the country, successive Nizams won their friendship without bequeathing their power. The Nizams allied themselves with each side at different times, playing a significant role in the wars involving Tipu Sultan of Mysore, the British and the French. During the reign of the third Nizam, Sikandar Jah, the city of Secunderabad was founded to station French troops and subsequently, British troops. The British stationed a Resident at Hyderabad and their own troops at Secunderabad, but the state continued to be ruled by the Nizam. Maintenance of British forces, which was part of subsidiary alliance with British, put heavy burden on Hyderabad state and bankrupted it in early 19th century. Hyderabad, under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India, with an area larger than England, Scotland and Wales combined. It was considered the "senior-most" princely-state, and within the elaborate protocols of the Raj, its ruler the Nizam was accorded a 21-gun salute. Development of modern facilities and industrialization in Hyderabad city started in late 19th century. The State had its own currency, mint, railways, and postal system. There was no income tax. The Nizam amassed a lot of wealth.
Hyderabad State (1948–56)
The state got its first democratic government and the representatives of its 18 million people were admitted to the Constituent Assembly drafting a constitution for free India. For the next eight years, Hyderabad continued as a separate state within the union.
States Reorganisation Act.
On November 1, 1956, the states of India were reorganized on linguistic grounds. Consequently, the terrorities of the State of Hyderabad were divided between newly created Andhra Pradesh, Bombay state (later Maharashtra), and Karnataka. Hyderabad and the surrounding areas were annexed into India, and later to Andhra Pradesh based on Telugu linguistic majority, and Hyderabad became the capital of the new state of Andhra Pradesh.
On 2 June 2014, Telangana was separated from Andhra Pradesh as a new 29th state of India, with the city of Hyderabad as its capital.
Government of India
Since 1956, Rashtrapati Nilayam, Hyderabad, has been the second official residence and business office of the President of India.
Tourist places in Hyderabad.
List of tourist attractions in Hyderabad
Charminar – a major landmark of Hyderabad with four graceful minarets located in the old city. It is built by Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah as a memorial for plague victims. Charminar in most occasions is used to represent the city and the state and is hailed as a unique Deccan monument. It is in the midst of Charkaman which are four archaways leading to roads in all four directions of the Charminar monument.
Golconda Fort was originally built by Kakatiya as part of their western defenses.
Golconda Fort – Once abandoned by Qutub Shahis, Golconda Fort is one of the most magnificent fortress complexes in India. Seated on a hill on one side and spiraling fort on the other, its location and internal design made it one of the strongest forts in India.
Qutb Shahi Tombs – Home to various Tombs dedicated to Rulers of Qutub Shahi dynasty, located at Shaikpet, near Golconda Fort. These are an example of Deccan architecture with large minarets, huge domes, delicate marble designs and multiple inner passages.
Paigah Tombs – These are recently discovered series of mausoleums with unique geometrical sculptures which were no where found in the world. These are located at Chandrayanagutta. Paigahs were noblemen under the reign of Nizams.
Paigah Mosque Spanish Mosque, Begumpet : This Mosque is one of the marvelous mosques present in Secunderabad/Hyderabad. It's well known among the people because of its amazing architecture. The architecture followed in this mosque is the Andalusi/Spanish Architecture. The mosque was constructed by Sir Vicar-ul-Umra a Paigah Nawab in 1906.
Falaknuma Palace – Built by an Italian architect through one of the Paigah nobles, Nawab Viqar al-Umra', complete in Italian marble. Louis XIV-style decor, a Mughal ambience, Italian marble staircases and ornate fountains. It has now been undertaken by Taj group to develop this as Heritage Hotel.
Chowmahalla Palace – It was the seat of Asaf Jahi dynasty, where the Nizam entertained his official guests and royal visitors. Initiated in 1750 by Nizam Salabat Jung and designed along the lines of the Shah's palace in Isfahan, this actually consists of a group of palaces each used as a Durbar Hall. It has now been aesthetically renovated and is also venue for conferences.
Asman Garh Palace – It was designed personally and built by the erstwhile Prime Minister of Hyderabad state Sir Asman Jah in 1885 on a hillock for leisure. Its based on Gothic architecture and is in the shape of a European medieval castle. The palace presently hosts a museum displaying archaeological relics.
Taramati Baradari – Taramati Baradari is a palace located near Gandipet lake, that was built under the reign of Abdullah Qutb Shah, the Seventh Sultan of Golkonda as an ode to his favourite courtesan, Taramati. The baradari with 12 doorways were to allow cross ventilation, considered to be the most ingenious technique at the time. Similar structures like Premavati and Bhagmati can be seen from here.
Purani Haveli – It was the official residence of the Nizam's parents.
King Kothi Palace – The last Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan lived here.
Bella Vista Bella Vista, Hyderabad is a royal palace of the Nizams built in 1910. Drawing Room of the Bella Vista PalaceBella Vista is the Indo-European building standing on a 10-acre (40,000 m2) verdant campus. The building's French architect christened it as Bella Vista, meaning beautiful sight, since it overlooks the Hussain sagar lake. It is located at Saifabad suburb. It was modelled on the Henley-on-Thames of England. It now houses the Administrative staff college of India.
Makkah Masjid – a stone-buiue, which lies immediate southwest of Charminar. Remarkable for its architecture, size and its royal splendor, this is one of the most beautiful mosques in Hyderabad. It is famous for its symmetry and the gateway bricks that are believed to be from Makkah.
Charminar – Very few people know that it is mosque(masjid). It used to have a fountain on its roof, like Gulzar Houz down the street.
Shahi Masjid: Is one of the oldest mosque built by Nizam – I(Nizamul Mulk) which is a part of Public Garden. Very Beautiful building and very peaceful place.
Hebron House of Worship – Established by the Indian Evangelist Bro.Bakth Singh. Hyderabad is famous for many ancient churches. List of churches in Hyderabad
Ananda Buddha Vihara – It is a Buddhist tourist destination. Located at Mahendra Hills, it houses meditation hall, a museum and rest houses for monks etc.
Birla Mandir – a Hindu temple made of white marble located on top of a hill overlooking the city.
Sanghi Temple – A temple dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara graces a promontory overlooking Sanghi Nagar, near Ramoji Film City.
Chilkur Balaji Temple – It is located at himayat nagar west side of the Gandipet. It is a temple of Lord Venketeshwara.
Jagannath Temple – Located near Banjara hills Road no.12 (twelve) in Hyderabad is famous for its annual Rathyatra festival.
Ratnalayam Temple – Located at Aliabad X Road, Shamirpet which is 26 km from Secunderabad Railway Station. A temple which has stunning replica recreated in the form of Tirumala Lord Venkateswara. It is the superb scenic beauty and splendour of this place is the centre of attraction for many devotees and lovers of nature as the temple is fully landscaped with beautiful gardens and the Shanku,Namam and Chakram which are very significant to the Lord is structured in the form of a fountain giving a celestial look . A fountain depicting the divine scene of Lord Vishnu resting on Adishesha with his wives adds beauty and glory to the temple. The temple facilitates Yagashala, Kalyana Katta,Pravachanam Hall,lawns for resting,cafeteria,huge parking facility and playpen for children. Above all the temple is located in a peaceful atmosphere which inculcates true devotion among the people.
Sri Lakshminarasimha Swamy Temple – Located at distance of 60 km from Hyderabad is a popular Hindu Temple of Narasimha Swamy, an incarnation Lord Vishnu. The temple is quite popular and is busy throughout the year with different events of the God. The annual brahmotsavam is held in the month of March, it includes Yedurkolu, The Celestial Wedding and Divya Vimana Rathotsavam. The birthday of Lord Narasimha is celebrated on 28 April every year. Lord Narasimha is also known as Yadagiri, hence the name.
Wargal Saraswati Temple – Located at a distance of 52 km from Hyderabad is a temple of Goddess Saraswati, the deity of Education in Hinduism.
Museums and Planetarium
Salar Jung Museum – The museum houses the largest one-man collection of antiques in the world. Collections includeThe Veiled Rebecca and other huge collection of artefacts dating back to a few centuries. A mere day isn't enough to cover the whole museum. Apart from galleries, there is a reference Library, reading room, publication and education section, chemical conservation lab, sales counter, cafeteria etc.
City Museum, Hyderabad – This a newly inaugurated Museum and New Jewel of Tourism in the City. Muffakham Jah, the grandson of the last ruler of Hyderabad State, said that "The history of Hyderabad was always over shadowed as most historians tended to focus on Moghul rule". The museum has brought nearly 4,000 years of history of the city, through archaeological evidence such as the neolithic pots, megalithic sites, European styled terracotta figurines, coins of Satvahana period among others.
AP State Archaeology Museum – This is an archaeological museum located inside Public gardens.
Surendrapuri – Surendrapuri is a museum located about 60 km from Hyderabad, India. The museum is also known as Mythological Awareness Center. As the name indicates, it was established to create an awareness of Indian mythology.
Birla Science Museum – The science centre is another beautiful structure, reflecting the advances made in science and technology. The interior décor matches the architectural exterior of the centre built over 10,000 sq ft (930 m2). The centre is host to a number of divisions such as the Planetarium, the Science Museum, and the centre for Applied Mathematics and Computer Sciences.
Birla Planetarium – The Planetarium is another magnificent building with a big dome resembling that of the Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur and some of the earliest government structures in New Delhi. A special attraction are the shows which unveil the mysteries of the cosmos and the origins of the universe, comets, eclipses, unidentified flying objects and the clash of titans. The latest addition is the Dinosaurium, which houses a collection of dinosaur egg fossils. The highlight of the museum is a mounted Kotasaurus yamanpalliensis, the remains of a 160 million old dinosaur.
KiDiHOU Children's Play Museum - The creative platform for the young and young at heart in hyderabad. A child can role play like a doctor, builder, shopper, painter, make some tea for dad, build a tall tower, play with balls and lot more fun learning through play.
Lakes of Hyderabad
Hussain Sagar – It is a man-made lake famous for the 19-metre tall Buddha statue present in the middle of the lake. Located on its banks is Tank Bund which consists of beautiful gardens and statues of famous personalities. Boating and water sports are a regular feature at the lake.
Osman Sagar – Osman sagar was created by dam constructed on the Musi River in 1920, for providing drinking water source for Hyderabad, and also for saving the city from floods, which the city witnessed in 1908. It was constructed during the reign of the last Nizam of Hyderabad, Osman Ali Khan, hence the name. It is a popular tourist destination, especially after the rainy season when the reservoir is full, and its parks, resorts, amusement park are a major attraction. This lake had served drinking water for Hyderabad city but due to increase in population it is now unable to provide sufficient water supply to Hyderabad and so it is now just used for public recreation.
Durgam Cheruvu – Also called The Secret Lake, it is a peaceful boulevard near the bustling Madhapur.
Himayat Sagar – It is the twin lake to Osman Sagar, Gandipet lake. It comes along the way on Outer Ring Road en route to airport which provides a beautiful view.
Shamirpet Lake – The lake is situated 24 km north of Secunderabad. Its distance from the city is an incentive for the weekend picnics. It offers a serene location. It attracts a lot of birds, hence a destination for bird watchers. There is also a deer park belonging to the state government near the lake.
Rukn ud Daula Lake – The lake is named after Sharukh Khan, Nawab Rukn ud-Daula, The 10th prime minister (1765–1775) of The Nizam, Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III of Hyderabad Deccan.
Mir Alam Tank – Located adjacent to Nehru Zoological Park on the Hyderabad-Bangalore Highway. It has provided drinking water to Hyderabad people for 125 years before the Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar were built. Mir Alam laid the foundation for the tank on 20 July 1804, as a plaque still lying in a corner shows. It was completed in about two years on 8 June 1806.
Saroornagar Lake – From the year of its creation in 1626 AD, the lake remained largely clean until 1956 when Hyderabad expanded. Spread over 99 acres (40 ha), the lake was restored by the Hyderabad Urban Development Authority in 2003–04 at a cost of ?200 million (US$3.0 million). After the restoration of the lake, migratory birds returned to the lake in big numbers a few years later.
Parks and Gardens
NTR Gardens – This leisure spot is located beside the IMAX theatre. Situated on 36 acres (150,000 m2) of land adjoining the Hussain sagar, these gardens provide of entertainment and recreat for its creative design which includes tree-top restaurants and architecture.
Indira Park – Indira Park is situated in the Lower Tank bund of Hyderabad city. Indira Park is the newly built park of Hyderabad. Indira Park is spread over 76 acres (310,000 m2) of lush green area and it lies alongside the Hussain Sagar.It is a pleasant entertainment park for not only the tourists but also the people residing near the Park.
Kotla Vijayabhaskara Reddy Botanical Gardens – These gardens located at Kondapur are spread across a sprawling area of 130 acres (0.53 km2), housing different varieties of herbs, plants, trees etc. These gardens provide a complete visual treat to the eyes with water bodies, meadows and rich grasslands – nature at its best. Night Safari Park is adjacent to this.
Lumbini Park – Lumbini Park is a small public, urban park of 7.5 acres (0.030 km2; 0.0117 sq mi) adjacent to Hussain Sagar lake in the busy Necklace Road area and is one of the popular parks in the city. It is being maintained by Buddha Purnima Project Authority since 2000. The main attractions of this park are the boat rides take you across the lake to give you a closer glimpse of the Buddha statue of Hussain sagar lake and 1500 seater Laserium, the first of its kind in the state. One of the major terrorist acts took place here on 25 August 2007 in which 44 people were killed.
Lotus Pond – A beautiful garden built around a pond situated in Jubilee Hills, said to have been designed by an Italian designer. This garden is currently maintained by the Municipal Corporation. It is also home to a few rare species of birds.
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park – Located near Vanasthalipuram, previously it is a hunting (shikari) spot for Nizams it is now a picnic spot for the city people. Nischalvan Eco-tourism project is located here.
Nehru Zoological Park – This zoo is a natural habitat housing a large variety of animals, birds, nocturnal species, aquatic and amphibian species. Located close to this is the Mir Alam Sagar, which is proposed to be converted into an Aquarium along the lines of Sentosa, Singapore. Its unique feature is the 21 in-built masonry dams that are jewel shaped, which were built in 1804 by Henry Russle, a French engineer in British service.
Mrugavani National Park – A sanctuary for deer and leopards, it is located en route to Chilkur. The Outer Ring Road passes over (flyover) through this national park which is a thrilling experience.
KBR National Park – A sanctuary for Peacocks and Anteaters along with many other species including Monkeys and Snakes, the sanctuary is the green spot of the richest area of the city, Jubilee Hills.
Mughal gardens at Ramoji Film City
Shilparamam is an arts and crafts exposition at Madhapur
Ramoji Film City (RFC) – It is the world's largest integrated film studio cum theme park, at nearly 3,000 acres (8 km²). It is also one of Asia's most popular tourism and recreation centres. Recently, it has made its way to the Guinness Book of World Records for being the largest film studio in the world. Opened in 1996, it is about 20 min. drive from Hyderabad on Vijayawada Highway.
Ravindra Bharati – The stage for all performing arts, especially for those enhancing the state and Indian cultures. Shows are held almost every evening throughout the calendar year which include musical and dance performances, drama, award ceremonies and special events of the government.
Necklace road – This popular boulevard lies on the other side of the lake, linking the IMAX theatre and Sanjeevaiah park. This has become the-place-to-be for the Hyderabadis in the evenings. This strip provides a scenic atmosphere with lush lawns and long rows of flower beds. Eat-Street, Water Front are popular restaurants located on this strip. The latest addition to this strip is the Jalavihar, a mini water world designed to soothe your senses. PV Ghat is also situated in memory of Late Shri PV Narasimha Rao.
Laad Bazaar – Also called Chudi Bazaar is on the west of Charminar, and known for its exquisite bangles, jewellery and pearls.
Hyderabad Pearls – Hyderabad has always been referred to as the "city of pearls" even though it is far away from the sea. Some of the famous pearl shops in Hyderabad are: Mangatrai (Patthargatti and Basheerbagh), Kedarnathji Motiwale and Jagadamba (Charminar, Begumpet and M G Road ).
Shilparamam- Located opposite Cyber Towers, HITEC city, it is an arts and crafts village which was conceived with an idea to create an environment for the preservation of traditional crafts such as sculpting wonders from stone, weaving in cotton, silk and gold thread, Dhaka muslin, Kondapalli toys, Bankura horses, gudda-guddis of Punjab, temple arts and a motley of Indian arts and crafts. Close to this is the Shilpakala vedika, a conference hall built with exquisite ethnic decor as well as with all state-of-the-art facilities.
Keesara- Located on east of hyderabad. One can see the ruins of Chalukyan Era on the hill and in the museum located here. Presently famous for shiva temple.
Rachakonda – Located 30 km from hyderabad, it was once the capital city of Velama kings who ruled during and after kakatiyas up to the rise of Qutubshahis. Old ruined fort is worth visiting for historical interest and for trekking. It is about 40 km from golkonda fort.
Besides, many resorts like Pragati Green Meadows, Golkonda Spa cum Resort, Lahari Resorts, Alankrita Resorts, Dream Valley and recreation spots like Treasure Island, Runway 9, Ocean Park, Mount Opera, Dhola-ri-Dhani make Hyderabad an enjoyable destination for tourists.